Children's Research Centre
Research with and by Children and Young People
The TRREEE Principles

THE TRREEE PRINCIPLES: Implications for researchers


Adults should earn the trust of potential participants by sharing the motives driving a research project and identifying potential joint interests with participants in the outcomes of research.


Adults should have respect for participants’ views; be prepared to listen and hear what children and young people say and act upon it.


The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children (UNCRC) 1989 gives children and young people rights.

Adults should recognise and conduct research in a manner that recognises young people’s rights to express and have their views heard.

This is not something voluntarily offered by the adult researchers/practitionesr but required by UK law.


Ethical research considers how research participants and their data are treated. It includes

  • Obtaining consent to use their data
  • Making sure participants are comfortable
  • Involving participants in decision making

and much more.


Children and young people’s participatory research recognises that young people are experts in their own lives and are capable of expressing valid views of the world.


Working in partnership with children and young people can provide adults with rewarding insights which may not be accessible to them as adults.

The roots of effective participatory research are found where young people’s contribution to their society is recognised and children’s views valued.

Tisdall and Punch,2012
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